Tuberculosis Management: A Review
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually aﬀects the lungs, but it can also aﬀect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment. The general symptoms of TB disease include feelings of sickness or weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. The symptoms of TB disease of the lungs also include coughing, chest pain, and the coughing up of blood. Symptoms of TB disease in other parts of the body depend on the area aﬀected. TB germs are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. These germs can stay in the air for several hours, depending on the environment. Persons who breathe in the air containing these TB germs can become infected; this is called latent TB infection.
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