Nutraceuticals in Health Care: A Review
When a functional food aids in the prevention and/or treatment of disease(s) and/or disorder(s) (except anemia), it is called a nutraceutical. The term "nutraceutical" was coined from "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical" in 1989 by Stephen DeFelice. It is a term coined to describe substances which are not traditionally recognized nutrients but which have positive physiological effects on the human body. They do not easily fall into the legal category of food and drug and often inhabit a grey area between the two. Nutraceuticals are either functional foods or dietary supplements with health benefits besides their basic nutritional value. Several nutraceuticals may exert lipid-lowering, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The nutraceutical revolution will lead us into a new era of medicine and health, in which the food industry will become a research-oriented one similar to the pharmaceutical industry.
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